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Liquidated Ascertained Damages for Late Delivery of Property


Developer LAD for late delivery of vacant possession

Introduction to Liquidated Ascertained Damages (LAD) in Malaysia


In Malaysia, navigating the complexities of property development and ensuring timely delivery are crucial aspects of the real estate market. Liquidated Ascertained Damages (LAD) play a significant role in this landscape, providing a legal recourse for homeowners against delays in property delivery by developers. LAD refers to the compensation agreed upon in the contract, payable to homebuyers for each day the delivery of possession is delayed beyond the agreed completion date.


This provision is crucial for protecting homeowners from the financial and personal inconveniences caused by delayed property deliveries, which can disrupt life plans and financial commitments. Given the growing complexity of real estate transactions and the potential for disputes, understanding LAD is essential for anyone involved in property dealings, particularly in projects where timely delivery is a pivotal aspect of the contract.


The aim of this post is to explain the concept of LAD for a diverse audience, including business owners, legal practitioners, and individuals planning to purchase property in Malaysia. Whether you're negotiating a new property purchase or managing existing contracts, this guide will provide you with the necessary insights to understand your rights, potential remedies, and strategic approaches to handle delays effectively. 


In the following sections, we will explore the legal foundations of LAD, how it is calculated, the process for making claims, and the broader legal context that governs these damages in Malaysia. This information is intended to empower homeowners with knowledge and tools to protect their interests in property transactions.


Understanding the Legal Basis of LAD


Liquidated Ascertained Damages (LAD) are a fundamental aspect of contract law in Malaysia, particularly within the real estate sector. These damages are pre-agreed penalties that a developer must pay to the property buyer for each day the delivery of possession extends beyond the dates stipulated in the Sale and Purchase Agreement (SPA). The legal foundation for LAD in Malaysia is robust, underpinned by several key legislative frameworks and contractual practices.


Key Legislation


The Housing Development (Control and Licensing) Act 1966 is a primary legal instrument that governs LAD. This Act specifically protects home buyers from the non-performance of developers regarding timely delivery. It mandates that all agreements must include an LAD clause, ensuring that developers are legally obligated to compensate buyers for delays.


Additionally, the Contracts Act 1950 supports the enforcement of LAD by providing general rules on contract breaches and penalties. This Act lays down the principles that govern the determination of damages, ensuring they are a genuine pre-estimate of loss and not punitive in nature.


Contractual Clauses


In Sale and Purchase Agreements, the LAD clause is detailed under the section that outlines the consequences of failing to deliver possession by the agreed-upon date. These clauses specify the amount to be paid per day of delay, calculated from the day after the scheduled delivery date until the actual date of delivery. This amount is typically a percentage of the property’s purchase price, which acts as a compensatory measure rather than a punitive one.


For the enforcement of LAD, the contract must clearly define the terms "delay" and "possession." The breach (delay in this context) triggers the LAD clause, which then dictates the compensation formula. This clarity is crucial in preventing disputes and ensuring that both parties understand the consequences of delays.


Importance of Clear Terms


Clear contractual terms are essential for the smooth execution of LAD clauses. They ensure that both parties — developers and homebuyers — have a mutual understanding of the obligations and repercussions involved. This mutual understanding helps in preventing potential legal disputes and facilitates a smoother transaction process.


Understanding these legal and contractual bases helps homeowners and investors make informed decisions when entering into property agreements. It also equips them to handle situations where they might need to claim damages due to delays in property delivery effectively.


Calculating LAD in Malaysia: Understanding SPA Clauses under HDA Regulation


In Malaysia, the legal mechanism to ensure timely property delivery by developers to home buyers is anchored in the Sale and Purchase Agreement (SPA), specifically under the guidelines of the Housing Development Act (HDA). This act stipulates that developers are legally obligated to adhere to the completion and delivery schedules agreed upon in the SPA. Failure to do so triggers the Liquidated Ascertained Damages (LAD) clause, which provides financial compensation to the purchaser for each day the project delivery is delayed.


The Legal Framework for LAD


The specific clauses pertaining to LAD are detailed in Schedules G and H of the Housing Development (Control and Licensing) Regulations 1989. These schedules are integral to SPAs for different types of housing development projects in Malaysia and are designed to protect home buyers from delays in the delivery of their purchased properties.


Verbatim Clause of LAD in SPA


According to Schedule G and H, the typical LAD clause stipulates that if the developer fails to deliver possession by the date specified in the SPA, the developer shall pay as liquidated damages (not as a penalty) a sum calculated at the rate of 10% per annum of the purchase price for every day of delay until the date the purchaser takes possession of the property. This clause is straightforward in its application: it quantifies the damages and provides a clear method for calculating the compensation due to the purchaser.


Operation of the LAD Clause


The operation of the LAD clause under the HDA is automatic upon the occurrence of a delay beyond the agreed completion date. The SPA, adhering to Schedules G and H, already includes this pre-agreed compensation formula, which simplifies the process of claims by homeowners. Buyers do not need to prove the actual loss suffered due to the delay, as the LAD is predetermined, making it an efficient tool for addressing grievances caused by developmental delays.


This framework not only underscores the developers' responsibility to meet their contractual obligations but also reinforces the protective measures afforded to purchasers within the Malaysian property sector. The predetermined nature of LAD under HDA regulations provides a clear, enforceable right that purchasers can rely upon without the need for lengthy legal battles.


Importance of Compliance and Documentation


For homeowners, understanding this clause and ensuring that the SPA conforms to the HDA regulations is crucial. Homeowners should ensure that all contractual documents are thoroughly reviewed and that they fully understand the implications of the LAD clause. Keeping detailed records of all contractual timelines and any correspondence related to delays can further support a seamless execution of rights under the LAD provisions.



When LAD Starts: Understanding the Federal Court's Ruling


A critical decision by the Federal Court of Malaysia has redefined the commencement date for calculating Liquidated Ascertained Damages (LAD) in property transactions, particularly in cases where there have been delays in the delivery of properties. This revision is particularly significant for homebuyers, as it fundamentally changes the basis for financial compensation due from developers.

Shift in LAD Calculation Start Date

Previously, LAD was calculated from the date specified in the Sale and Purchase Agreement (SPA) for the delivery of possession of the property. However, the Federal Court's ruling in the landmark case, PJD Regency Sdn Bhd v Tribunal Tuntutan Pembeli Rumah & Anor and other appeals, has established that LAD calculation should commence from the booking date—the point at which the buyer first commits financially, typically signified by the payment of a booking fee or deposit.

This ruling clarifies that financial consequences for the buyer begin not at the formal execution of the contract or the agreed delivery date outlined in traditional SPAs, but from the moment they make the booking. This perspective emphasizes that any delays impact the buyer financially from this initial commitment.

Legal Implications and Homebuyer Impact

This legal adjustment enhances protection for homebuyers by ensuring that compensation aligns more closely with the actual inconvenience and financial burden caused by delays. The shift potentially increases the amount developers must pay in LAD, serving as a stronger deterrent against delays and encouraging stricter adherence to agreed timelines.

The court’s decision is pivotal, reinforcing that the obligations of developers begin the moment a financial exchange occurs, rather than at the later stages of contract formalization or property completion. This interpretation helps ensure that buyers are compensated for the entire period during which they are inconvenienced by delays.

Documentation and Claim Adjustments

For homebuyers, meticulous documentation from the start of the property transaction becomes even more crucial following this ruling. It is important to retain records of the booking date and all subsequent financial transactions. This detailed documentation will form the basis for calculating the LAD owed in the event of a delay, ensuring that claims reflect the total duration of inconvenience from the booking date to the actual delivery.

Homebuyers are advised to calculate LAD based on this updated understanding, ensuring that their claims encompass the full period from booking to possession. It is also advisable to seek legal counsel to effectively navigate this revised claim process, aligning with the latest judicial interpretations and ensuring all relevant legal nuances are considered.

Broadening the Scope of Developer Accountability

This decision by the Federal Court marks a significant evolution in how delays in property transactions are legally addressed in Malaysia. It underscores the need for developers to manage their projects efficiently and meet their delivery obligations from the very moment they accept financial commitments from buyers. The ruling not only reinforces the rights of homebuyers but also highlights the responsibilities of developers to adhere to their project timelines strictly.

This shift in the starting point for LAD calculations underlines the importance of developers maintaining transparency and communication with buyers about project timelines and any potential delays. It also serves as a reminder that developers should manage expectations realistically and plan their projects with sufficient buffers to accommodate unforeseen delays without breaching contractual deadlines.

The Federal Court’s ruling in PJD Regency thus sets a new precedent that significantly impacts both the enforcement of current contracts and the drafting of future agreements in the real estate sector. For developers, this means a reevaluation of project timelines and delivery strategies is imperative to avoid legal disputes and financial liabilities arising from LAD claims. For buyers, it highlights the importance of keeping comprehensive records and staying informed about their rights and the legal standards that protect them.


How to Claim LAD for Delayed Property Delivery


When a property developer fails to deliver your new home on the agreed-upon date, claiming Liquidated Ascertained Damages (LAD) becomes a crucial recourse. This section will guide you through the detailed process of initiating a claim for LAD, ensuring that you are compensated for the delay as stipulated in your Sale and Purchase Agreement (SPA).


Understanding Your SPA

The first step in claiming LAD is to thoroughly review your SPA. This contract outlines your rights and the obligations of the developer, including the conditions under which LAD is payable. Typically, the SPA will specify the amount due for each day the delivery is delayed beyond the agreed completion date. Make sure you understand the specific clauses related to LAD, as this will dictate how you proceed with your claim.


Documentation of the Delay

Gathering evidence of the delay is critical. Document every communication with the developer, especially those that relate to the delay. Keep a record of the original agreed-upon delivery date and any revised dates that were communicated afterwards. This documentation will support your claim that the developer has not met their contractual obligations.


Calculate the LAD Owed

Using the daily rate specified in your SPA, calculate the total LAD owed from the day after the original or revised completion date to the actual delivery date of the property. For example, if the LAD rate is RM20 per day and the delay is 100 days, you would be owed RM2,000. It’s important to be precise with these calculations to ensure that your claim is accurate.


Formal Notification to the Developer

Once you have all your documentation and have calculated the LAD owed, the next step is to formally notify the developer of your claim.


Send a detailed letter or email that includes:

- A statement of the breach (the delay)

- The evidence you have gathered

- The amount of LAD you are claiming

- A request for payment within a specified timeframe


Make sure to send this notification through a trackable method, such as registered mail or email with a read receipt, to confirm that the developer receives it.


It is strongly advisable that you engage a lawyer to advice and assist you.


Engage Legal Assistance

While many LAD claims can be settled directly with the developer, some cases may require legal intervention, especially if the developer disputes the claim or fails to pay the LAD voluntarily. In such cases, engaging a lawyer who specializes in property law can be invaluable. A lawyer can help enforce your rights under the SPA, represent you in negotiations with the developer, or take legal action if necessary.


Follow Through

If the developer does not respond or refuses to pay the LAD voluntarily, you may need to take further legal action. Your lawyer can guide you through the process of filing a claim in court, where a judge can order the developer to pay the LAD owed.


Scenario: Claiming LAD


Imagine you purchased a condo with a completion date of January 1, 2022. The developer informed you on December 31, 2021, that the condo would not be ready until April 1, 2022. According to your SPA, the LAD rate is RM50 per day. You would calculate your LAD as follows:


- Delay: 91 days (January 2, 2022, to April 2, 2022)

- Total LAD claim: RM50/day * 91 days = RM4,550


Note: Take note this is with the assumption that there is no booking form and fee collected hence we can use the date of the delivery in the SPA.


You would then send a formal notification to the developer claiming this amount and outlining the basis of your claim.


By following these steps, you ensure a structured approach to claiming LAD, thereby safeguarding your financial interests against unforeseen delays in property delivery.


This process provides a clear path for homeowners to claim the compensation they are due under the terms of their SPAs. Let me know if this explanation meets your needs, or if there are additional details you would like to explore further.


Role of the Malaysian Housing Controller


In the context of delayed property deliveries and the enforcement of LAD claims, the role of the Malaysian Housing Controller is pivotal. This regulatory authority operates under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Housing and Local Government and is empowered by the Housing Development (Control and Licensing) Act. The Housing Controller's mandate is to ensure that housing developers adhere to the regulations, promoting transparency and fairness in the housing industry.


Authority of the Housing Controller


The Housing Controller has broad powers to enforce housing development laws in Malaysia. These powers include the ability to inspect housing projects, enforce development standards, and ensure that developers fulfill their obligations to home buyers, particularly concerning timely delivery and quality standards. The Controller can also impose sanctions on developers who fail to comply with the stipulated regulations.


Impact on LAD Claims


For homeowners, the Housing Controller's role is significant because it directly influences the enforcement of LAD provisions outlined in SPAs. If a developer delays the completion of a property beyond the contractual delivery date, the homeowner can file a complaint with the Housing Controller. The Controller's office can then investigate the claim, facilitate negotiations, or in some cases, initiate punitive measures against the developer.


The Housing Controller also provides a formal avenue for dispute resolution, offering an alternative to the courts, which can be costly and time-consuming. By dealing directly with the Housing Controller, homeowners may find a more expedient resolution to their LAD claims.


Case Example


Consider a scenario where a property developer in Kuala Lumpur fails to deliver an apartment complex on the promised date, citing unforeseen construction delays. The affected buyers can submit a formal complaint to the Housing Controller, outlining the delay and the impact it has had on their financial and living situations. The Housing Controller can then assess the situation, demand an explanation from the developer, and if necessary, mediate to ensure the buyers receive their due compensation according to the SPA.


Preventive Measures for Homeowners


Before entering into a property transaction, potential buyers should take certain preventive measures to protect themselves from possible future disputes like delayed deliveries. Here are some strategies:


Due Diligence on Developers


Home buyers should conduct thorough background checks on developers before signing any agreements. This includes reviewing the developer's past project completions, financial health, and reputation in the industry. Buyers can access reports and reviews from previous customers or consult the Housing Controller’s database for any records of infractions.


Understanding SPAs


Buyers must fully understand the terms and conditions of the Sale and Purchase Agreement, especially clauses related to LAD and the completion date. It’s advisable to have a legal professional review the SPA to ensure that it includes fair and enforceable LAD terms.


Regular Monitoring


Once the SPA is signed, buyers should regularly monitor the progress of the construction. Staying informed about the project’s status can help in early detection of potential delays, providing an opportunity to address issues before they lead to significant problems.


Open Communication


Maintaining open lines of communication with the developer throughout the construction process can also help manage and mitigate risks. Regular updates from the developer can provide reassurance and clarity about the project’s timeline and any challenges being faced.


By taking these preventive measures, home buyers can protect their investments and reduce the likelihood of having to claim LAD for delayed property delivery. These steps not only provide security but also foster a transparent and accountable property buying process.


The Role of Lawyers in LAD Claims


Lawyers play a crucial role in assisting homeowners with Liquidated Ascertained Damages (LAD) claims, especially when dealing with property delivery delays. Legal professionals provide invaluable guidance through the complexities of contractual disputes and help enforce the rights of homeowners under Malaysian law.


Legal Guidance and Contract Review

One of the primary roles of a lawyer in the context of LAD claims is to provide legal guidance and review the Sales and Purchase Agreement (SPA). Lawyers ensure that the contract includes enforceable LAD clauses and that these clauses are in line with Malaysian law. They help homeowners understand their contractual rights and the specifics of what constitutes a valid claim under the terms of their agreements.


Filing LAD Claims

Lawyers assist in the proper filing of LAD claims. This includes preparing and submitting all necessary documentation to support the claim, such as evidence of delayed delivery and detailed records of communication with the developer. They ensure that claims are filed within the statutory deadlines and in accordance with procedural requirements to avoid any potential dismissals on technical grounds.


Representation in Negotiations and Mediation

Often, LAD claims can be settled through negotiations or mediation before reaching the courts. Lawyers represent homeowners in these discussions, advocating for their best interests and working towards a fair settlement. Their expertise in negotiation tactics and legal knowledge enables them to handle complex discussions effectively, often leading to faster resolutions that avoid lengthy court battles.


Litigation Support

If negotiations fail, lawyers can take LAD claims to court. They provide full litigation support, representing homeowners throughout the court proceedings. This includes preparing legal arguments, presenting evidence, and advocating on behalf of the homeowner to secure the best possible outcome. They navigate the legal system efficiently, leveraging their understanding of property law and previous case law to support the homeowner’s position.


Ensuring Compliance with Legal Changes

Lawyers also keep abreast of any changes in legislation that might affect LAD claims. This is crucial, as property law can evolve, and new precedents can influence how claims are interpreted and enforced. By staying informed, lawyers ensure that claims are compliant with the most current legal standards and that their clients receive all the protections afforded under the law.


Scenario Example

Imagine a homeowner in Kuala Lumpur whose new condominium delivery has been delayed by eight months beyond the completion date stipulated in the SPA. The developer has cited logistical issues and regulatory delays as reasons. A lawyer can assess the validity of the developer's reasons, guide the homeowner in documenting the impact of the delay, and represent the homeowner in claiming LAD for the additional costs incurred during this period, such as extended rental expenses.


Lawyers are essential in ensuring that homeowners are not only compensated fairly for any undue delays in property delivery but also that their rights are vigorously defended in accordance with Malaysian law. They act as both advisors and advocates, providing a crucial bridge between legal expectations and practical enforcement.


Post-Termination Consequences of LAD Claims


After a Liquidated Ascertained Damages (LAD) claim has been successfully resolved, whether through settlement or court judgment, there are several post-termination consequences that both homeowners and developers need to consider. These consequences can affect future dealings, financial positions, and legal obligations.


Financial Implications for Developers

Once an LAD claim is settled, developers often face significant financial consequences. These can include the payment of the agreed LAD amount to the homeowner, which can be substantial, especially if the delay spans several months or years. Such financial outlays can impact a developer’s cash flow and potentially their ability to fund ongoing or future projects.


Impact on Developer's Reputation

The resolution of an LAD claim, particularly if it becomes public or involves a high-profile project, can affect a developer's reputation. Potential buyers may become wary of purchasing from a developer known for project delays, leading to challenges in attracting new clients or investors. Maintaining a positive reputation is crucial for developers, requiring them to manage LAD claims discreetly and efficiently.


Legal and Contractual Obligations

Following the resolution of an LAD claim, both parties must adhere to any new terms set out in the settlement agreement or court order. This might include specific timelines for the completion of the project or other corrective actions the developer must undertake. Non-compliance with these stipulations can lead to further legal action.


Future Contractual Relationships

Homeowners who have successfully claimed LAD might find themselves scrutinizing future property purchase agreements more thoroughly, possibly demanding more stringent LAD clauses or guarantees. Conversely, developers may seek to revise their contractual terms to limit future LAD liabilities or clarify conditions under which LAD may be claimed.


Scenario Example

Consider a scenario where a group of homeowners in a residential development in Selangor successfully claims LAD due to a two-year delay in project completion. Post-claim, the developer not only has to compensate for the delays but also implement a strategic plan to regain trust from potential buyers. This could involve enhanced marketing efforts, transparency about project timelines, and improved project management practices to avoid future delays.


Monitoring and Compliance

Both parties may need to engage in ongoing monitoring and compliance activities post-settlement. For homeowners, this involves ensuring that the developer adheres to any revised project completion dates. For developers, this means maintaining rigorous project management standards to prevent further breaches.


Legal Precedents

Successful LAD claims can set legal precedents that influence how similar claims are handled in the future. Lawyers and legal scholars may analyze these cases to advise clients similarly affected or to contribute to the broader understanding of LAD applications in property law.


Understanding these post-termination consequences is vital for anyone involved in LAD claims. It highlights the importance of careful contract management, clear communication, and the need for strategic handling of delays in property development.


FAQs on LAD Claims


When dealing with Liquidated Ascertained Damages (LAD) for delayed property deliveries, homeowners often have numerous questions regarding their rights, the process, and what to expect. Here, we address some of the most frequently asked questions to provide clarity and guidance to those affected by such issues.


#Q1: What is LAD and how does it protect property buyers?

A1: LAD stands for Liquidated Ascertained Damages, a pre-agreed sum stipulated in property sales contracts to compensate buyers for the loss suffered due to delays in property delivery. It acts as a safeguard, ensuring buyers are financially compensated without the need to prove actual losses.


#Q2: How do I calculate the amount of LAD I am owed?

A2: LAD is typically calculated based on a daily rate from the agreed date of delivery until the actual completion date. The rate should be specified in your Sales and Purchase Agreement (SPA).


#Q3: What steps do I need to take to claim LAD?

A3: To claim LAD, start by reviewing your SPA to confirm the LAD clause and calculate the due amount. Next, formally notify your developer of the claim through written communication, providing details of the delay and the amount claimed.


#Q4: What documents are required to support an LAD claim?

A4: You’ll need a copy of your SPA, any correspondence with the developer regarding the delay, and documentation proving the date of actual possession against the planned date.


#Q5: How long do I have to claim LAD after property delivery has been delayed?

A5: This can vary based on the terms of your SPA, but typically, claims should be made within a reasonable time after taking possession, often within 6 to 12 months.


#Q6: Can LAD be claimed for any type of property?

A6: Yes, LAD can be claimed for any type of property under a contractual agreement that includes such a clause, ranging from residential to commercial properties.


#Q7: What are the consequences if a developer disputes an LAD claim?

A7: If a developer disputes your claim, it may need to be resolved through mediation, arbitration, or court proceedings, depending on the dispute resolution mechanisms outlined in your SPA.


#Q8: Are there exceptions where LAD cannot be claimed?

A8: Yes, exceptions can include delays caused by force majeure events or if the buyer has consented to extensions in the delivery date.


#Q9: How has COVID-19 affected the enforcement of LAD claims?

A9: The pandemic may be considered a force majeure event in some cases, potentially affecting LAD claims depending on the contractual terms and local laws.


#Q10: What is the role of the Malaysian Housing Controller in LAD claims?

A10: The Controller can mediate disputes related to housing development issues, including LAD claims, ensuring compliance with housing development laws and regulations.


#Q11: Can LAD be waived by the buyer?

A11: Yes, buyers can waive their right to LAD, usually during negotiations or as part of a settlement with the developer.


#Q12: What are some common pitfalls in LAD claims?

A12: Common pitfalls include not understanding the contract terms, missing deadlines for claim submissions, and failing to document the delays properly.


#Q13: How can an lawyer help with an LAD claim?

A13: A lawyer can provide legal advice, ensure proper documentation, represent you in negotiations or legal proceedings, and help enforce the claim effectively.


#Q14: Are there alternative dispute resolution options for LAD disputes?

A14: Yes, disputes can often be resolved through mediation or arbitration, which can be less adversarial and costly than court proceedings.


#Q15: How does the Malaysian legal system enforce LAD agreements?

A15: The Malaysian legal system enforces LAD agreements through the courts if parties cannot resolve the dispute through alternative means. Courts will interpret the contract and issue judgments based on the documented agreements and evidence provided.


#Q16: What recent legal changes affect LAD claims?

A16: Recent legal changes often relate to how LAD is calculated or the conditions under which it can be claimed, reflecting current economic conditions or legal precedents.


#Q17: Can foreign property buyers claim LAD?

A17: Yes, foreign property buyers are entitled to claim LAD under the same conditions as local buyers if their contracts include such provisions.


#Q18: What impact does bankruptcy of the developer have on LAD claims?

A18: Bankruptcy can complicate LAD claims, potentially limiting the ability of developers to pay the damages. Claimants may need to register as creditors in the bankruptcy proceedings.


#Q19: How do delays in construction affect LAD calculations?

A19: Delays in construction directly impact LAD calculations since the compensation is typically calculated based on the number of days the project is delayed from the agreed completion date in the Sales and Purchase Agreement.


#Q20: What should I do if I suspect my LAD claim will be contested?

A20: If you anticipate that your LAD claim may be contested, it's crucial to prepare by gathering all pertinent documentation, consulting with a legal professional, and considering pre-emptive negotiation or mediation strategies to resolve the dispute amicably and efficiently.


These FAQs are designed to provide a comprehensive overview of the most common concerns and queries related to LAD claims, helping homeowners navigate the complexities associated with property delays and ensuring they are well-informed about their rights and the processes involved.




Navigating the complexities of Liquidated Ascertained Damages (LAD) claims can be daunting for homeowners who face delays in property delivery. However, understanding your legal rights and the proper procedures for filing such claims can empower you to assert your rights effectively and ensure fair compensation.


This guide has provided a thorough overview of what LAD entails, the legal foundations supporting these claims, how they are calculated, and the steps to take if you need to pursue a claim.


For homeowners, it is critical to be proactive in monitoring the progress of your property's construction and to keep detailed records of all communications with the developer. Should delays occur, these records will be invaluable in supporting your claim. Additionally, being aware of the deadlines for filing claims and the documentation required can streamline the process and enhance your chances of a successful outcome.


The role of legal professionals in this process cannot be overstated. Lawyers specializing in property law can offer invaluable assistance, from evaluating the strength of your claim to navigating the complexities of legal proceedings. They ensure that your claim is filed correctly, represent your interests in negotiations or court, and help enforce any settlements or judgments received.


If you are experiencing delays in the delivery of your property and believe you may be entitled to claim LAD, or if you simply would like to seek more information on how to protect your interests in property transactions, consider reaching out to our legal experts. Our lawyers in ASCO LAW is well-equipped to provide you with the guidance and representation needed to navigate this process effectively.


For tailored advice and comprehensive support on LAD claims or any other property-related legal concerns, do not hesitate to contact ASCO LAW. Our team of experienced lawyers is dedicated to ensuring that your rights are protected and that you receive the compensation you deserve.



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The contents of this publication, current at the date of publication set out above, are for reference purposes only. They do not constitute legal advice and should not be relied upon as such. Specific legal advice about your specific circumstances should always be sought separately before taking any action based on this publication.

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